Show All Answers
Agencies at the city, county, state and federal level each have their own area of responsibility and roles which can differ. For example, CDFW will take a report of pet loss and sightings for monitoring and tracking purposes to encourage and guide cities and agencies in the development of an urban wildlife management plan. CDFW does not remove, trap or kill coyotes that have taken (killed or attacked) pets. CDFW is committed to agency and community based education (coaching) thus the implementation of Keep Me Wild (www.keepmewild.org) and Wildlife Watch.
When CDFW is notified where there has been a documented attack on a human by the coyote and physical contact has occurred CDFW will serve as the lead agency in the investigation (See CDFW Public Safety Wildlife Guidelines at (www.wildlife.ca.gov.)
Some city, county or privately contracted Animal Service agencies take reports of sightings and encounters with coyotes, for tracking purposes and may or may not respond with a site visit depending on their policy or officer availability. Other agencies may only pick up deceased animals and refer you to another agency. This is why it is important to understand the agencies policy where you live. Other agencies may have a “No Kill” policy in terms of nuisance or public safety wildlife.
No, Coyotes are non-game mammals that are not fully protected mammals or fur bearers pursuant to the definition of a non-game mammal in FG 4150. In some cases where coyotes are “possessed” for research purposes they would fall under the restricted species category.
Yes, legally as a home or property owner you can trap, though CDFW does not recommend it. It is best to leave trapping up to the trained professional. Pursuant to FG 4005 (c) and 4152 (a) you would not be required to procure a trapping license but would be required to abide by regulations set forth in the Use of Traps T-14 CCR 465.5.
No, pursuant to Title 14 California Code of Regulations 465.5 (g)(1), All furbearing and nongame mammals (coyote) that are legal to trap must be immediately killed or released. Unless released, trapped animals shall be killed by shooting where local ordinances, landowners and safety permit. NOTE –Relocating a problem coyote is not an option because it only moves the problem to someone else’s neighborhood. It is also not sound wildlife management practice due to potential disease transfer and disrupting the ecosystem potentially causing an imbalance in the predator prey cycle i.e. competition.
The trapper must be currently licensed with the CDFW passing a certified trapping examination. Hired trappers must follow all rules, regulations pursuant to T-14 CCR 465.5 and laws that pertain to the license FG 4005.
Yes, Home-Owner Associations that meet the requirements of FG 4005 and FG 4152(a).
In terms of research, in order for a person to neuter coyotes they would have “possess”, them which would classify them as a restricted species. The person would need to request a Scientific Collection Permit and they would have to indicate, in detail, the research purpose, methods, anticipated, results and how their work would be used to benefit wildlife in California. The permit would then go through a review process.
No, hazing otherwise known as “Aversive Conditioning” is a process used to teach the coyote to fear humans. It is a good thing in that its intent is to save the animals life. When coyotes become too habituated and lose their natural fear of human’s they can become a threat to public safety. Basically, “A Fed Coyote is a Dead Coyote”. Some urban coyotes become comfortable in close proximity to people. To safely coexist it’s important to modify this behavior. Urban coyote behavior needs to be reshaped to encourage coyotes to avoid contact with humans and pets. Hazing is the process that facilitates this change and is by necessity a community response to encounters with coyotes. Hazing employs immediate use of deterrents to move an animal out of an area or discourage undesirable behavior or activity. Deterrents include loud noises, spraying water, bright lights, throwing objects and shouting. Hazing does not harm or damage animals, humans or property. Behavioral change also involves human activities such as how to identify and remove attractants and how to responsibly protect pets.
Harassment of Animals defined in Title 14 CCR 251.1 states –Except as otherwise authorized in these regulations or in the Fish and Game Code, no person shall harass, herd or drive any game or nongame bird or mammal or furbearing mammal. For the purposes of this section, harass is defined as an intentional act which disrupts an animal’s normal behavior patterns, which includes, but is not limited to, breeding, feeding or sheltering. This section does not apply to a landowner or tenant who drives or herds birds or mammals for the purpose of preventing damage to private or public property, including aquaculture and agriculture crops.
People who intentionally or unintentionally provide food for coyotes which causes the coyote to lose their fear of humans and become habituated are changing the coyotes feeding behavior causing them to become dependent on humans for food increasing habituation leading the coyote to its eventual death.
When you are the owner of the property or have written permission of the owner. FG 4152(a) T-14 CCR 465.5 (g) (3)
Urban coyotes have developed a different lifestyle from coyotes in rural environments. Cities support larger populations of animals in close proximity to people for the following reasons: 1) Increased access to food. People provide easy access to large supplies of food by leaving pet food, bird seed, unsecure compost or trash and fallen fruits in yards. Unintentional and intentional feeding of coyotes encourages bold behavior and increases aggression towards people and pets. Intentional feeding makes people a target source of food. 2) Increased access to water. Year-round water supplies in cities from man-made ponds, lakes, flood control channels, pet water dishes, pools, fountains etc. increase water for prey animals and coyotes. 3) Increased potential shelter Parks, golf courses, buildings, vehicles, sheds, decks, crawl spaces, overgrown vegetation among others increase the amount and variability of coyote shelters. Coyotes Steps must be taken to address safety concerns and misconceptions and appropriate responses to potential threats to human safety. Coyotes can safely and easily remain close to people, pets, homes and businesses without detection. 4) Increased exposure to people. Regular interaction between coyotes and people without negative consequences encourages habituation or increases comfort levels with human contact. People are or may be disregarded as a potential source of danger. 5) Increased exposure to pets. Pets are a normal part of an urban landscape and to urban coyotes they are considered other animals in their habitats. Pets can be considered, potential prey or a potential competitor in coyote territory.
The CDFW does not remove small backyard wildlife such as opossums under houses, squirrels in attics, raccoons in the walls or rattlesnakes in your garage. Options for these types of situations include calling a pest control agency that is licensed with the CDFW. Hiring a pest control operator can be costly and is effective only when steps have been taken to remove attractants that include food, water and shelter that lure the animal to a person’s property.
Pest control operators that trap nuisance non-game mammals or fur bearers for a fee must immediately kill or release the animal (T-14 CCR 465.5 (g) (1)). Relocation of the nuisance animal is not an option and is against trapping regulations. Relocation does not solve the problem and just moves the problem animal to another location.
Visiting the UC Integrated Pest Management Website for guidance is highly recommended for background information for life history and prevention.
While the California Department of Fish and Wildlife is NOT a wildlife rehabilitator, we recognize the value of rehabilitative care for individual wild animals. CDFW works with interested agencies and organizations - volunteer and otherwise - to ensure high quality practices in the rehabilitation of sick, injured, orphaned, or displaced California wildlife. For the purpose of this policy, wildlife rehabilitation means "any activity undertaken to restore to a condition of good health, for the purpose of release to the wild, animals occurring naturally and not normally domesticated in this State."
The information was sourced from https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Keep-Me-Wild/Coyote